Journal of Engineering, Project, and Production Management, 2016, 6(1), 13-24
Entrepreneurial Orientation vs. Innovativeness of Small and Medium Size Enterprises
Associate Professor, Faculty of Management, Bialystok University of Technology, Poland, 15-351 Bialystok, Wiejska 45A Street, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received December 7, 2014; received revisions December 19, 2014; June 10, 2015; June 19, 2015; accepted June 20, 2015
Available online July 15, 2015
Abstract: This study aims to examine the role of entrepreneurial orientation (entrepreneurship orientation) in innovation level among Small and Medium Size Enterprises (SMEs). A questionnaire survey was conducted among 137 firms in the Podlaskie Region. Three hypotheses related to entrepreneurial orientation and innovativeness level were examined by Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The relation between two constructs of entrepreneurial orientation and innovativeness, that is proactiveness and risk taking were analyzed. The research results show that proactiveness has a significant positive total effect on improving innovativeness. The findings suggest, in contrast to the strategic orientation literature, that risk taking deters enterprises from organizational innovation. The results confirmed the significantly higher impact of the risk taking as an intermediate variable on the innovation through the mediator of proactivity. This work examines the relations between entrepreneurial orientation and innovativeness, thus contributes to the strategic orientation literature.
Keywords: SMEs innovativeness, entrepreneurial orientation, proactiveness, risk taking.
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Citation: Ejdys, J. (2016). Entrepreneurial Orientation vs. Innovativeness of Small and Medium Size Enterprises. Journal of Engineering, Project, and Production Management, 6(1), 13-24.
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